Primary Source Bibliography

Portraits, Richards Free Library.

These portraits were all scanned and sent from a collection at the Richards Free Library in Newport, New Hampshire. They depict Finnish people, and were taken during the early 20th century. All photos, unless otherwise state, came from the Richards Free Library Collection.

Secondary Source Bibliography


Chandler, Joan. “Newport’s Finnish People.” Accessed September 6, 2017.

This source refers to Olli Turpeinen’s work from his book, “The Finns in Newport, New Hampshire” to discuss some aspects of Finnish migration history and lifestyle in Newport, New Hampshire. While waiting to receive a copy of Turpeinen’s book, this article was used to access some of the information that Turpeinen shared in his book.

The Central Cooperative Wholesale records, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota Accessed October 24, 2017.

FOLDER 7. Essays on the Finnish Americans I. Carl Ross papers, . Immigration History Research Center Archives. Accessed October 24, 2017.

Erekson, Olle, engraver. “Signers of the Declaration of Independence: John Morton.”, Independence Hall Association,

On this website is a photo of John Morton who is known for signing the Declaration of Independence. John Morton is important to this project because he is the descendant of a Finn. This photo was of use in a timeline of this project to illustrate the contributions of the Finns to American society.

Hart, Albert Bushnell LL.D., The American Nation Vol 4 (New York, NY: Harper and Brothers, 1906) 297.

This website contains a map of New Sweden circa 1638, the Swedish colony that was settled by Finnish immigrants. These Finnish immigrants were the first to arrive in America. The Finns in New Sweden were also the first settlers to build log-cabins in America. Note: The map was edited by Kerrin McTernan for this project to highlight the location of New Sweden for viewers of a timeline to locate with ease.

Hill, Evan, Andrew L. Andrews. Historical Chronology of Newport, NH, 2007.

This source provides details of events and situations that happened on specific dates in Newport, NH between late 19th and early 20th centuries. Within this source lies many situations involving Finnish people’s of the area that will lead to implications about the culture and history of Finnish migrants.

The Kajastus Finnish Laborers Association, Milford, New Hampshire records, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota Accessed October 24, 2017.

Marlborough’s Finnish Heritage: A Documentary Booklet on the Finnish Heritage in Marlborough, New Hampshire From 1886 to 2000. The Marlborough Historical Society. The Marlborough Historical Society, 2000.

This book details the history of the Finns who settled in Southern and Western New Hampshire and also the families who settled just across the border in Massachusetts. Details the first arrivals of families and their portraits and the communities they created.

McGuire, Mary Lou. and Raymond Reid. Newport, New Hampshire in Time and Place (Newport: Richards Free Library, 2017),

Milford Finnish Relief Committee (Milford, New Hampshire) records, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota Accessed October 24, 2017.

Ngai, Mae M. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. Kindle Edition.

This book reports on the historiography of American immigrant policy between 1924 and 1965, and discusses the implications of this lawmaking on American history, citizenship, nationality, and race. This resource supports the project as it expresses the intersectionality of migration and culture on American society through careful collection of data that can be used to investigate many aspects of American migration history.

Samson, Gary.  Images of American Manchester: The Mills and the Immigrant Experience. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.

This compilation of images that come from archives in the Manchester area and various other local instructions creates a visual history of the Industrial Revolution in Manchester and brings a fresh perspective to the city, its mills, and the people who were drawn to the area.  These photographs and associated captions regarding Finnish migrants will make this project more dynamic.

Turpeinen, Olli. The Finns in Newport, New Hampshire: A Partial Record of Immigrant Finns- Names and Events – in Newport, N.H., from about 1887 to November 14, 1997. New Brighton, MN: Sampo Publishing, Inc., 2001.

This book details a record of Finnish Immigrants to Newport, NH from the late 19th century to the late 20th century. This resource provides many supplemental details to this project regarding the history of Finnish migration to the east coast and their life and culture in Newport, NH. This project repeats much of the information in Turpeinen’s book in order to create a developed digital history of the Finns in Newport, however, all the information that descends from Turpeinen’s book for this project is credited to him. We are very grateful for all of Turpeinen’s hard work in studying and documenting the Finns and hope to serve him well by making his work more available to the public.


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